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Running Title: EFFECTS OF HOMESCHOOL ON CHILDREN   



A 5 Pages Term Paper on Effects of Home school on Children

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      It is said that Home schooling allows children to take extra time in areas, which interest them. Even while completing all the other subjects required (English, Math, History, Science, etc.) homeschoolers have an efficiency of time which grants "extra time" in which to play, practice, experiment, explore, focus and find their "specialty." The real world rewards specialists more than generalists, and home schooling allows the specialist the opportunity to emerge.(Robinson)

What Is Home Schooling

Homeschooling is, children learning at home rather than in school. Back in the early days, there was no one word to describe the phenomenon of children learning at home, and people spoke about it with a variety of words and phrases. Over time, the word unschooling has come to be associated with the approach to home schooling.  Homeschooling without following a packaged curriculum, homeschooling that follows the child's interests, homeschooling with an emphasis on real-life activities rather than worksheets, homeschooling in a way that doesn't make rigid distinctions between schoolwork and the rest of life.  unschooling is seen  as a rigidly defined concept or approach. It's certainly not something y one has   to think of as a package. For all the advices regarding home schooling or nonschooling one should take the time to find out more, and adapt what fits the family. If packaged curriculum is not followed than Library books and notebooks, computers and art materials, microscopes and mud pies, measuring cups and gardening tools, in other words, use of every   stuff of life, the stuff around the children, the stuff that helps parents and children do what they want to do and learn what parents want them to learn to learn. But it doesn't necessarily mean that. An unschooling teenager might choose a geometry textbook, for example, if it seemed to be the best available resource or best fit with her learning style or best helped her meet her goals. Children learn best when they are interested in what they are learning. And when they are interested for learning, the learning sticks. Children are curious, insatiable learners. If a 2-year-old child is watched joyfully working to make sense of the world around him or listen to a 4-year-old's endless questions, one finds that home schooling takes that attitude and extends it right on up through the years. Students' own interests and questions and curiosities can take them into all sorts of areas, including those that schools call Social Studies, English, Science, etc.( Ann Larson Fisher)

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This does not mean that homeschoolers never do anything difficult or unpleasant? Do they only do what they want to do, rather than what they have to do? This is one of the misconceptions about home schooling. As part of a family, homeschooling kids have necessary chores and responsibilities just as anyone else does. And as part of pursuing their interests and goals, they often encounter difficult or less pleasant tasks. But it's easier to work through a difficulty or stick with something unpleasant if you see the reason for it and understand how it connects to something you do care about. Home schooling lets life make real demands and impose real requirements, rather than the often artificial and arbitrary demands and requirements of school. Learning from real-life activities includes learning fractions from running a home-based bakery, for example. Learning current events by reading the newspaper or helping out with a local election is also real life learning. Learning to alphabetize by volunteering at the library or writing stories rather than filling in worksheets about prefixes and suffixes is another example of real life learning. . Learning science by observing a veterinarian or helping out with a project that tests local river water or working at a zoological museum or learning history by apprenticing to someone who makes historical costumes is also learning the practical way.  The list is never-ending. They’re not too likely to follow a schedule that has them doing Math at 11:00 AM and Social Studies at 12:50. But they often have outside activities that happen at certain times, the weekly meeting with the writing group, the music lessons, etc. And they may sometimes find it helpful to create their own schedules, to help them make time for all the things they want to do. The main thing home scholars try not to do is consider certain times specifically "school" time or "learning" time, because they consider all of life to be full of learning. Adult mentors are an important part of home scholars' lives, and so are groups and workshops and clubs and classes.( Ohio home school notification)

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Why Parents Prefer Homeschooling

Some of the parents think that early schooling has peculiar negative effects on the child therefore home shoaling is vital till their child is well trained in essential social habits. The reasons include: -

The De-humanizing Aspects of Schools

  • Having to ask permission for basic human needs.
  • Having to supply "acceptable" excuses for absence or lateness.
  • Routine abridgment of human (constitutional) rights.
  • Standing in lines, waiting for everything: food, water, attention of the teacher, time on the computer, etc.
  • Group rewards and punishments.
  • Neglect of individual gifts and problems.
  • Moving at the sound of a bell.
  • Students coming to view them as products, moving down a 12-year assembly line, with bits of knowledge poured in or bolted on by others as the belt moves along. Seeing the primary responsibility for their education as being in the hands of others.
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Isolation from the Real World

  • Segregation by chronological age.
  • Separation from family.
  • Isolation from the working world.
  • Isolation from the effects of age and disease.
  • "Free" education isolates children from economic reality.
  • Subject matter is divorced from context.

Schedule Rigidity

  • Having to be in school at certain times means you can't see the World Cup or a solar eclipse if it happens during the school day, and you can't see the late show or a lunar eclipse if you have to get up in the morning.
  • Having to be in school limits your ability to travel.
  • Having to be in school limits your ability to do any time-consuming worthwhile activity. (Home School Support Net Work)

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     The parents feel thatchild play pat-a-cake, sing the ABC song, tie a shoe and they Have guided their child until her inner drive sent her walking, talking, self-feeding. The thoughtful parent "home schools” their child long before her child sets foot in the schoolhouse door. The only reason it is not   typically thought of in these terms is because parents have been conditioned to believe there is a specific place to go at a specific time to be taught by specific people who have been "certified" to do so. Therefore parents think they have already begun homeschooling, even if they don’t call it that. Homeschooling is merely continuing the very natural act of observing what the child seems eager to learn about the world around her, and helping her achieve her self-imposed goals, step-by-step, at a pace that keeps up with her desire yet doesn't frustrate.

       The best thing about homeschooling with early years children is how much fun it is, reading so many books together, reading, reading, reading, playing games that taught basic math concepts, writing short stories, poems, and letters to Grandma, taking long walks, answering questions or admitting didn't know and researching together, listening to long explanations of how they solved problems while working on their forts in the woods. Parents feel that their observation of needs and desires, coupled with trust in their love for child and the push   to learn, cover the skills outlined on anybody's curriculum.  No matter where the child learns it is the parents who are responsible for her education. But by homeschooling parents provide them an extra, incredibly important opportunity ‘ the time ‘ spent together necessary to build strong family bonds and share the family's values. Parents like to learn to observe their child for indications of readiness, desire, and preferred approach to learning, and this serves them well not only in the present but well into the future as well.( Web www.homeschool.com)

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     Regarding the duration of home schooling it is necessary to think in terms of being free from the way government schools go about educating children. If schedules are prepares then they will have to be followed strictly. With an evening trip to the grocery store, a weekend visit to the nature center, and even bedtime story hour are times available for learning together. Some families sit down and do all their academic (book) work for a couple of hours each morning, freeing up the children's afternoons for personal pursuits. Others scatter bookwork throughout the day, or note that their children might sit down with a math book for 2 weeks straight, then not touch it again for a month. Sometimes families simply go through the course of a day and only take advantage of "teachable moments" as they arise.

     As the parents begin to home school, and if they just observe what takes place in the course of a week or so, they’ll begin to notice a "rhythm” their family's personal rhythm. That’s where they'll get the best clues as to the best times for particular pursuits.   

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Benefits Of Homeschooling

 Knowledge Oriented

Because children are free of the government school approach to learning, homeschoolers generally find their children learn more in a shorter period of time. This may be credited to the deep knowledge of children’s needs and interests as is focused on just a few children instead of a classroom full. Parents can easily tune in to how their child learns best, know "when" is a good time to pursue something, and build on strengths and shore up weaknesses.

Increased Social Opportunities

  Homeschooling allow a child to socialize beyond the government school construct of "sit with same age peers all day" to provide them with the skills necessary to socialize with a wide age range of people, it also allows a family to avoid the very real negative socialization that has become the topic of so many news headlines of late. Increasingly, school socialization consists of violence, sex, drugs and alcohol, and a tendency to undermine family values.

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Stronger Family Ties

 The gift of time available during homeschooling is key to creating and maintaining strong family relationships. While this is obvious in both the parent-child and sibling-sibling relationships, the benefits reach to extended family relationships as well, allowing aunts and uncles, Grandma and Grandpa to participate, or be visited at a time convenient for family members and not the school schedule (a time, by the way, when record numbers of Americans typically travel, driving up the cost, the traffic, and the accidents).

It's Safer.    

Some parents think that some government schools have become so dangerous as for this to even be a consideration, it is. School often becomes more and more indistinguishable from a prison.  Metal detectors, body searches, armed guards, drug sniffing dogs, and more. More and more families are turning to homeschooling every day because of concerns for their children's safety.

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It's Healthier.

 Many parents feel that the number of colds and other viruses their children fall victim to markedly decrease when they come home. Many claim their children spend so much time outside getting exercise in the fresh air that their children are healthy as horses. Additionally, there's sleep deprivation associated with school attendance (finally being noticed!), sick buildings with poor circulation and ventilation, and increased symptoms of stress in ever-younger children. These problems just don't exist in homeschooling! Families who have children with both short and long-term health needs report they are much easier to deal with in the flexible homeschooling approach.

Negative Effects Have Home Schooling

Teaching Children at home won't make them social misfits. One of the major arguments against homeschooling is that it deprives children of the peer contacts needed for normal social development.  Public school educators and other critics also question whether home-educated children will be able to become productive, participating members of a diverse and democratic society.

Few people consider standardized tests to be the powerful teaching instruments they are not, nor do parents consider the possible impact of tests on their children. Most homeschoolers who have their children tested find the tests to be merely a source of academic feedback or a simple way to notify the state that the children are being educated. Some parent’s think that parents should wondered about the effects of television, computers and video games on thinking. If these things are beneficial or harmful to a child’s education there have been almost no scientific studies on the effects of television and computer and video games. Businesses and families may not be particularly interested in finding out the answers. It would be very comforting to think if the effects of video games and television are not particularly harmful. (Web:  www.home-ed-magazine.com)

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 Television advertisers know that the best way to get viewers to pay attention is to capitalize on the brain’s instinctive responses to danger. Sudden close-ups and pans alert the brain because they violate the reflex needed to maintain a predictable personal space. Bright colors, quick movements or sudden noises get attention because the brain is programmed to changes that might predict danger. So what does all this mean for home school parents. They must consider the very subtle effects of how they are allowing their children to spend their time.  How they spend their time may be altering their ability to learn and to get along with others. Just think about it.

Conclusion

Home scholars believe that the natural curiosity of a healthy child, given access to a rich environment, will lead the child to learn what he or she needs to know. When learning comes about as a result of the child's desires, it is absorbed easily, enthusiastically, openly. The child works harder because he is doing what he thinks is important, rather than what someone else has told him is important. New knowledge starts with a context because it fits in with things the child already cares about. Learning driven by real desire is so much more efficient than passive absorption that unschoolers can tolerate much more exploration, dabbling, dawdling and play than can curriculum- inflictors. The home schooling literature abounds with stories of children who paid no attention to math or reading for their first ten years and then caught up in just a few weeks

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References

 Web:   www.robinsoncurriculam.com  

Side Effects of Standardized Testing by Ann Larson Fisher national home educational network Web; http://www.nhen

Ohio home school notification web: http://members.aol.com 

Home School Support Net Work web: http://www.homeEducator.com/HSN/  
Web www.homeschool.com

web: www.home-ed-magazine.com   

Growing Without Schooling Magazine Inspiring; practical, accessible, GWS has been publishing stories about learning from life for over 20 years. The writing is fresh, vivid, and based on real experience. Just about any unschooling-related question you might have is covered here.

Learning All the Time by John Holt .A great and accessible introduction to Holt's work. About how young children learn from the world around them.

The beginner's guide to Home schooling, by Patrick Farenga. A popular introduction, written by the president of our organization
Writing Because We Love To, by Susannah Sheffer About working with self-directed young writers.

A Sense of Self: Listening to Home schooled Adolescent Girls, by Susannah Sheffer a study of 55 home schooled girls, with discussion of the positive effects of freedom, self-motivation, and control over one's own education.

Un schooling Math Booklet Can you really approach math in an unschooling way. Of course, and this collection of stories from Growing Without Schooling magazine gives many examples, about kids from age 4 through 17.

Myths of Unschooling What Freedom Really Means a cassette tape of a talk Susannah Sheffer gave at our 20th Anniversary conference in 1997.

Learning Without a Curriculum uyjCassettes of Pat Farenga's seminar at the Holt Associates offices.

The Homeschooling Book of Answers: The 88 Most Important Questions Answered by Home schooling ‘s most respected voices (Prima, 1998)

Home schooling the early years (Prima 1999)
Web; www.homeschool.crosswalk.com

Web: www.thehomeschool.com/-78
 
 


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