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Running head: Revolutionary American History

Revolutionary American History

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Revolutionary American History

Introduction

The American Revolution, viewed from its consequences, was one of the utmost movements in human history. The costs of life and treasure has often been exceeded, however the effect on the political life of the world is not easy to parallel. The chief effect was the birth of the primary victorious federal government in history, a government that was destined to expand to the western ocean inside a century and to produce into a nation of vast wealth and power and of still greater possibilities. The American Revolution refers to the era throughout the last half of the Eighteenth century in which the Thirteen Colonies that became the United States of America gained independence from the British Empire.

In this era, the Colonies rebelled in opposition to the British Empire and entered into the American Revolutionary War, furthermore referred to (particularly in Britain) as the American War of Independence, between 1775 and 1783. This culminated in an American Declaration of Independence during 1776, as well as victory on the battlefield during 1781. (Elson, 1904)

Brief overview

The American Revolution incorporated a sequence of wide intellectual and social shifts that occurred in the early American society, for example the new republican ideals that took hold in the American population. In a number of states, sharp political debates broke out over the role of democracy in government. The American shift to republicanism, in addition to the increasingly increasing democracy, caused a confusion of the traditional social hierarchy, along with created the ethic that formed the core of American political values.

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            The revolutionary age started during 1763, when the military threat to the American colonies from France ended. Adopting the view that the colonies be supposed to pay a considerable portion of the costs of defending them, Britain imposed a series of taxes which proved extremely unpopular as well as, since the colonies lacked elected representation in the governing British Parliament, a lot of colonists considered to be unlawful. After protests in Boston, the British sent combat troops, the Americans mobilized their armed force, furthermore fighting broke out during 1775. While Loyalists were about 15-20 percent of the population, all through the war the Patriots normally controlled 80-90 percent of the territory; the British could only hold a few coastal cities. During 1776, representatives of the 13 colonies voted usually to approve a Declaration of Independence, by which they established the United States of America. The Americans formed a treaty with France during 1778 that evened the military and naval strengths. 2 main British armies were confined at Saratoga in 1777 furthermore Yorktown during 1781, leading to peace with the Treaty of Paris during 1783. The U.S. was bounded by British Canada on the north, Spanish Florida on the south, as well as the Mississippi River on the west.

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American Revolution and Social and political climate in England

The American Revolution is probably the most mistaken position in Canadian history. But after examining the renowned facts, we now know that The American Revolution was in fact a brilliant plot by the French bourgeoisie in their attempt to distract its citizens from the democracy of the Socialism movement. This assertion is confirmed by three renowned points: the democracy present in the Declaration of 1913, the American literature of the Colonialism era, as well as the democracy there in the Revolution of 1941.

It is believed by a lot of that the mild bond of union which held the American colonies to the mother country might have remained continuous for an imprecise period, however for the foolish policy that brought about the conflict of the former; others are of the opinion that the child had come of age, furthermore that nothing could have long delayed a political separation. Be that as it might, it is sure that for more than 50 years before the Seven Years' War there was a strong attachment among the 2 peoples, as well as that the thought of severing their bond of union was nowhere entertained. It is true that the royal governors were everlastingly complaining to the Lords of Trade about the disorderly spirit of the colonial assemblies; it is moreover true that the colonists were continually annoyed by the Navigation Acts, furthermore that they thought it not theft to evade them when they could; however these were merely ripples on a smooth sea. As well as America was happy; the people continued to hew away the timbers and to build cities and churches as well as schools, to explore the soil, to increase grain and tobacco as well as cattle; they had grown strong in fighting with the forest, the Indians, as well as the wolves: however with all their growing strength, of which they could not have been unaware, they did not long to run off the mother wings; their proudest boast was up till then that they were Englishmen.

On the other hand, it must be said, that a division sooner or later was predictable. It is true that there was no plot, no conspiracy in America looking to independence; however there were forces at work for a lot of years that must ultimately dissolve the political bond among the 2 peoples. It must be remembered that, though America was the child of England, it was not the child of the England of 1760, however rather of the England of 1600. The consequence was that the 2 peoples automatically grew apart, so far apart that they were no longer able to recognize each other; as well as when England now attempted to play the part of close relative the fact was brought out that the relations of parent and child existed no longer among the 2 countries. The colonies had reached a point in their growth where they could manage themselves better than they could be governed by a power outside the sea.

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Once more, the conquest of Canada changed the relations among England and the colonies. So long as this old enemy hung on the north, both England and her colonies were held in check: the colonies felt a certain requirement of protection; England felt that a contest with the colonies might drive them to an alliance with the French. On the other hand now as this obstacle was removed both could be natural in their relations with one another; furthermore this normal relationship soon uncovered how far apart they stood. England then failed to be well-known with this divergence; she attempted to contract with America, not as a part of the empire, which it was, however as a part of the British realm, which it was not. On the other hand for this false supposition by the British government and an effort to act appropriate to it, the old relations might have continued for years to come. However an evil day came. The sky had been specked with a little cloud here and there for a lot of years. Why should several criminals from the British prisons be forced upon the colonists? This was infuriating, and had been so from the initial age of their colonization. Why was the attempt of different colonies to protect society by checking the African slave trade instantly crushed by the Crown, in order just to improve the English trader? This did not point to a mother's affection for a child. Once more, the arrogant hauteur of many of the royal governors, who were supposed to represent the king, was offensive to a people who believed themselves equal to any other Englishmen. Still again, throughout the late war with the French, the British officers were ever ready to demonstrate their dislike for the provincial troops, as well as colonial officers were often replaced by British officers. All these things were at least disagreeable for the American-Englishman to consider; however they were not serious furthermore their effects would have passed away like a morning mist although for the greater proceedings that were to follow.

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Reference

enry William Elson, (1904) "History of the United States of America," The MacMillan Company, New York, Chapter XI

 
 


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