term papers categories

 

  Arts

 

A 4 pages term paper on JOSEPH PAPP: THEATER


Joseph Papp and the New York
Shakespeare Festival

[The name of the writer appears here]

[The name of the institution appears here]



Joseph Papp and the New York
Shakespeare Festival


               Papp Joseph, originally JOSEPH PAPIROFSKY, a noted producer, an artistic director and a major innovative force in the American theater in the second half of the 20th century in the United States was born on June 22, 1921 in Brooklyn, New York. His persevering nature and prolific ideas gave American Theater a new portrayal in the world of arts. His inspiring way of presenting plays continue to bless American Theater until he died on Oct. 31, 1991 in New York, N.Y. One of his remarkable achievements is the foundation of the New York Shakespeare Festival in the city's Central Park, which later on developed into New York Shakespeare Festival Public Theater.

Click to Order a Custom Term Paper Now...

                Papp studied acting and directing at the Actor's Laboratory Theater in Hollywood from 1946 to 1948. In 1948 he became its managing director. Two years later he was awarded a position as assistant stage manager of the national touring company of Arthur Miller. In 1954, after working for two years as a stage manager for the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) television network in New York City, Papp founded the New York Shakespeare Festival, which became a unique institution in the New York theatrical milieu (Biographies). The festival gave free performances of Shakespearean plays in various locations around the city, including outdoor productions in Central Park. Papp worked with little or no pay for several years to establish the festival, producing and directing the majority of the plays himself. He remained its artistic director until 1991. In 1967 he founded the New York Shakespeare Festival Public Theater, New York’s most prestigious non-profit theater organization, which concentrated on contemporary and experimental dramas. Several of its productions eventually traveled to Broadway, including Hair (1967), Sticks and Bones (1971), That Championship Season (1972), and A Chorus Line (1975). The latter musical became the longest-running show in Broadway's history. The old Astor Library in Lower Manhattan was "recycled" into a seven-theatre complex to serve as the Public's physical plant. Papp was one of the most dynamic Off-Broadway producers from the 1960s through the 1980s, and he championed many innovative playwrights, including David Rabe and John Guare, and talented actors, such as George C. Scott and Meryl Streep, who later achieved prominence.

Click to Order a Custom Term Paper Now...

The New York Shakespeare Festival Public Theater


               The ideals of the Theater were formed when Papp brought a group of actors together to perform scenes from Shakespeare's plays for the public, free of charge. Originally based at The Emmanuel Church on Manhattan's Lower East Side, the band began taking productions throughout New York's five districts on a truck, performing in the City's parks. In 1962, the Shakespeare Workshop was officially renamed the New York Shakespeare Festival, opening with The Merchant of Venice. Today Shakespeare in Central Park remains free of charge to audiences, and continues to be one of the City's most beloved cultural traditions.

Click to Order a Custom Term Paper Now...

               From its earliest days The Public Theater/NYSF has nurtured the theater's most exciting and individual new voices. The Public's new play development programs are centered on the Luesther Lab, which is home to dozens of workshops, readings, and theatrical projects. This dedication to the contemporary theater is matched by the Theater's ongoing commitment to keeping the classical canon alive within an American idiom, exemplified by the Shakespeare Marathon--a commitment to produce all of Shakespeare's plays, launched by Joseph Papp in 1987 and completed ten years later. The Public Theater is now focusing on the next generation of actors and directors of Shakespeare through an ever-broadening program that includes The Shakespeare Lab, which provides intensive classical training for actors. The Public's mandate to create a theater for all New Yorkers continues to this day both on stage and through its extensive outreach and education programs, which provide access to and a context for the challenging work on its stages (Preface and Acknowledgment).


Papp’s Contribution


               Papp brought to life Shakespeare’s great ideas that penetrated the hearts of people in such a way that the people of United States started speaking a language, which depicted an incredible attachment to Papp’s views. We could find in his plays the anger towards weak leadership and the evil resulting from disunity and hatred. Also, in his plays he improvised the versatile works of Shakespeare like Merchant of Venice in a true to life manner. His productions were the fabulous amalgamation of art and architecture; literature, music, dance and technology.

Click to Order a Custom Term Paper Now...

               Papp helped to unveil the undisclosed knowledge and ideas of Shakespeare in a way that it could also be interpreted and understood by a layman. He also supported some of the influential theatrical groups such as the Mabou Mines, and musical events like Pierre Boulez and his infamous "Rug Concerts" of the New York Philarmonic Orchestra.  A tireless promoter of interdisciplinary arts and artistic freedom led him into a major battle against the forces of extreme conservatism and censorship against any controversial art.  This courageous attitude resulted into a rift between government and his organization. The government then cancelled all its funding towards theatrical art. These negative forces were the targets of Joseph Papp's endless resolve to restore open government funding to the arts without any form of censorship.  That battle lasting over 10 long years came to a successful end. But Joseph Papp led his way with his courageous refusal to accept government funds while censorship attachments were made.  This came at a time when his theater was struggling to survive financially since funds from A Chorus Line were beginning to dwindle and fundraising had become a problem (Preface and Acknowledgments). All this couldn’t make Joseph Papp to move an inch away from his standpoint and he, on the contrary, seemed more determined and goal-oriented. His brave thoughts couldn’t be suppressed by any force and finally he proved the world that the word he was spreading was stemmed from the reality and it could never be overshadowed.

               Joseph Papp is like a Star whose light will always keep bright the heavens of American theater. His works are unmatched that makes them unforgettable. Papp has left such strong prints on the hearts of Americans that they will never fade as long as the theater is alive in America.

Click to Order a Custom Term Paper Now...

               Today the New York Shakespeare Festival Public Theatre is one of the most renowned and prestigious places in New York. Keeping in view of the practices of Joseph Papp, his successors have made it the central mission of The Public Theater/ New York Shakespeare Festival that theater be accessible and affordable to everyone. In this regard subsidies and donations have been raised in great extent motivated by the memories of Joseph Papp.

Click to Order a Custom Term Paper Now...

               The greats of Joseph Papp cannot be clustered into any specific head. His entire life can be looked upon as a source creativity displaying the best of artistic innovations in American Theatre.


References

Carson. (2000) Joseph Papp

 Britannica (2001) Shakespeare and the globe: Then and now: Biographies.
 
 


Disclaimer: These papers are to be used for research/reference purposes only. All papers should be used with proper references.

 

© Copyright 1996-2008 Best Term Paper and Research Papers